What is Mitral Valve Prolapse?
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a heart valve disorder that occurs when the two leaflets of the valve don’t close properly. This can cause blood to leak backward through the valve and cause a variety of symptoms. MVP is the most common heart valve disorder and is often referred to as a “click-murmur” syndrome.
Signs and Symptoms of Mitral Valve Prolapse
The main symptom of MVP is a heart murmur. This is a sound that can be heard during a physical exam and is caused by the backflow of blood through the valve. Other symptoms of MVP may include shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations, dizziness, and fatigue.
Causes of Mitral Valve Prolapse
MVP is often caused by an abnormality in the muscles or fibers of the mitral valve. This can cause the valve leaflets to become loose and not close properly, leading to backflow of blood.
Risk Factors for Mitral Valve Prolapse
MVP can affect people of any age. However, it is more common in women and in people with certain genetic disorders, such as Marfan syndrome. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, or other heart problems are also more likely to develop MVP.
Prevention of MVP
MVP is a condition that cannot be prevented. However, it’s important to take steps to reduce your risk of developing other heart problems. This includes eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, managing stress, and not smoking.
Diagnosis of Mitral Valve Prolapse
MVP is typically diagnosed with an echocardiogram, a type of ultrasound imaging test. During this test, sound waves are used to create a picture of the heart and its valves. A doctor may also use a stethoscope to listen for the murmur associated with MVP.
Treatment of MVP
MVP usually does not require treatment. However, if your symptoms are severe, your doctor may prescribe medications to help control them. These medications may include beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and diuretics.
Coping and Support
If you have been diagnosed with MVP, it’s important to find support from family and friends. It can also be helpful to join a support group or talk to a mental health professional.
Complications of MVP
MVP can cause serious complications, such as heart failure, stroke, and arrhythmia. It’s important to talk to your doctor about any symptoms or concerns you have.
Living with Mitral Valve Prolapse
Living with MVP can be difficult. It’s important to follow your doctor’s advice and take steps to manage your symptoms. This includes eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding activities that could put stress on your heart.
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a heart valve disorder that occurs when the two leaflets of the valve don’t close properly. Symptoms of MVP can include a heart murmur, shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations, dizziness, and fatigue. Treatment of MVP usually does not require medication, but it’s important to talk to your doctor about any complications or concerns. Living with MVP can be difficult, but it’s important to take steps to manage your symptoms and follow your doctor’s advice.